Solfatara Volcano

The Solfatara Volcano is a fascinating natural wonder located in Pozzuoli, Italy, near Naples. Here’s a breakdown of its key characteristics:

Type: Dormant Volcano – While not currently erupting, it exhibits ongoing volcanic activity.

Age: Formed around 4,000 years ago.

Last Eruption: Believed to have had a phreatic eruption (steam-driven explosion) in 1198.


  • Solfatara: The name itself comes from the Latin “Sulpha terra,” meaning “land of sulfur” or “sulfur earth.” This reflects the volcanic activity that continues to release jets of steam with sulfurous fumes.
  • Shallow Crater: The Solfatara has a relatively shallow crater, around 750 meters in diameter, encircled by tuff cone walls reaching up to 40 meters high.
  • Fumaroles and Hot Ground: The volcanic activity manifests through fumaroles (vents emitting steam and gases) and high ground temperatures.


  • The area around the crater is accessible to visitors, offering a glimpse into the captivating world of active volcanic phenomena.
  • Visitors can observe the fumaroles releasing steam and experience the warmth of the ground.


  • The Solfatara is one of the most active volcanic areas in Italy, offering scientists valuable insights into volcanic processes.
  • It serves as a popular tourist destination, attracting visitors interested in witnessing volcanic activity firsthand.

Additionally, some interesting facts about the Solfatara Volcano include:

  • It was known in Roman times as “Forum Vulcani” (Place of Vulcan), reflecting its association with the Roman god of fire.
  • The area around the Solfatara has been used for centuries to exploit its geothermal resources.

Overall, the Solfatara Volcano is a captivating piece of living geology. It offers a unique opportunity to experience the power and ongoing presence of volcanic forces within close proximity to a city.

Discover the route to Visit the Solfatara Volcano